Impact of Aerospace in the world

For over 100 years, Aerospace is the crucible for all next generation technologies. From material science to Electronics, from sheet metal to composites, RADAR & communication technologies to wood working, from CAD to weather forecasting, from imaging to 3d Printing, from autonomous vehicles to sensor technology. All breakthroughs in science and technologies have been first applied for A&D before being adopted by other industries. This is because rather than confining to the constraints of existing, A&D pushes the envelope and accepts no limits. It is an unforgiving industry where nothing but perfection & innovation is accepted.

So rather than talking about exciting developments of aerospace technology, I would like to share few technologies incubated by aerospace that are set to change our life as we know of:

  • Since the 1950s, the space program has been largely unmanned. From the first satellite to the first landing on the moon to fly by wire technology software & computing power has made our journey safer, easier and reliable. While some of the liability & legal constraints are being ironed out, this technology is going to make a major impact in the autonomous cars & transportation
  • The piston engine technology has saturated and some of the new improvements in engine efficiency are coming through creative testing by the car manufacturers. The composite technology used in the next generation aircraft can help make cars lighter and more fuel efficient. The directional strength properties make these vehicles a lot safer by distributing the impact force away from the driver making it a lot safer. It enables electric vehicles become practical with long enough drive distance.
  • Additive technology or 3D printing that is used in the gas turbine is set to revolutionize the manufacturing process across industry. Rather than manufacturability dictating what can be designed it will be the other way around. This will allow our goods to be more customizable, aesthetically appealing, efficient & light weight.
  • Aerospace industry gave birth to the NC programmable machines & CAD (computer aided design). Aerospace industry created the sensor technology and even today the best sensors are marked A&D grade. The two are coming together and creating Industry 4.0 which is poised to change the manufacturing as we know it. It will bring manufacturing back from the far east to England, the birth place of Industrial revolution. It will make manufacturing economical, better quality, customizable, more environmentally friendly and ethical.
  • Hand-held drones and solar powered eyes in the sky are winning the war against terrorism for us. They not only reduce the collateral damage, bring home our soldiers, and save the hostages/ civilians but also neutralize the armed terrorist from a safe distance. It allows economical monitoring and greatly improve the response time winning the battle against terror.

Impression: BSG

I am Ankur, initiated into this practice of Nichiren Daishonin’s Buddhism for the past one year. Today I am here to share with you my impressions as a BSG (Bharat Soka Gakkai) member and my journey so far in this faith.


Most people adopt their parent’s faith because that is the only one they have been exposed to, but my path has not been so simple. Over the years, I have prayed at more than a dozen religious places, studied several texts across various faiths, religion and practices. I have witnessed drug induced religious awakenings, bizarre practices, rituals and ceremonies of various cults.  I have attended gatherings and masses across 20 countries as a student trying to comprehend different cultures and understand what motivates people.


I had embarked on this journey for an in-depth research, comprehension and analysis of “what is the difference between culture and religion.?, “What is the purpose of life?” “Is religion more important or life?” I wanted to fully appreciate what elders meant by “Unity in diversity! There is only one god but it has different names.” However somewhere during this path, I got side-tracked with the current events and media. I have witnessed so many crimes and inhuman acts being justified in the name of religion that I began to doubt religion as the “Path of salvation”. My focus started shifting from the practice to the practitioners. My academic curiosity set me adrift. Rather than focusing on how every religion speaks the same but in different words, I started focusing on how the different religious beliefs, practices and rituals were being twisted for to justify self-serving interest of its gatekeepers.


I was thirsty for more knowledge but clueless of what I was seeking or why I want it. I attended my first BSG meeting a year ago with the same level of skepticism. My first meeting was a disaster. It was hard for me to relate to a scroll written in a foreign language and chant prayers whose words I don’t understand. I was judgmental. My cup was already full with per-conceived notions and there was little anybody could have offered to me at that time.


Nobody promised me any salvation, showed any visions, or falsely raised hopes. There was nothing shining, dazzling or mystical about SGI. It was a very plain, simple and humble gathering. Everybody was equal, everybody was in-charge. Through this faith, I met a few good natured people. It was this warmth and openness of the practitioners of Electronic city chapter than encouraged me come back again and again despite my initial skepticism. But a cup has to be emptied before it can take any more. It took me a whole year.


Last 2 years have been very hard on me both on personal & professional fronts. Rather than buckling under the stress, BSG helped me focus on what I have rather than what I have lost. The chanting and the warm friendly smile of the Buddhist members is often enough to forget the daily conundrum of our busy lives.


Some people with continue to hide behind religion and use it for their selfish means. I might not be any closer today in finding the answers to the questions that I had during my pre-teens but at least today I have the clarity of what are the questions whose answers I seek. Rather than focusing on the actions of others, I try to reflect on my thoughts, actions & words. Today, I have shed most of my biases against the religions practices that I had gathered along the way. Rather than seeking the cause of evil & divergence, I am seeking goodness in others. There is goodness in everyone and this is the Buddha-land.

detective choice: volume 3 walkthrough

You have been bitten and this book is a race against time. If you loose, you become a werewolf. Also like the previous book you are solving multiple cases simultaneously. Also if you play it right, you get a chance to meet your missing wife rose, but she might not be very happy about it.

For those of you who want to score the top score, here is the walk through.

Take brentwood
Tell him the truth
Use the candelabra
Quiet and slow
Guess violin
Go for broke
Ask for 100
motivated by money
The dairy queen
$ 10 Bribe
Tell him about the bite
Peek through
Turn and Attack
Wound him
Use humor
sucker punch him
‘Awfully glad to be alive’
Poke her
Ask about bandages
Truth about Rose
Go to the library
Tell the truth
Creep quietly
Run for the stairs
Have her duck
Go to your office
Play it cool
A scotch
Stay sober
Curse him
wax museum
Ask Pasha
Save the gypsy
Heidi Redtree
Pay admission
tell her about the curse
simple & direct
tell her about the bite
straight & simple
Promise a doctor
travel on foot
winch open the door
The library
Stick to the library
Split up
block the librarian
Let her go
Keep your distance
Tell them to hide

Indus water treaty 1960

Tamil Naidu and Karnataka, the two states within India have difficulty in amicably sharing water and resort to violence every year. Almost all cities/regions in India have scarcity of water and water table is depleting at almost a crisis level. Then how come a treaty signed in 1960 between two warring countries still survive in 2016?

It is a beautiful piece of document, which thanks to the geography, makes it very easy to govern & enforce. The principle terms were agreed by December 1954, yet the signed treaty took another 6 years to finalize and was formally signed only in 19 Sept 1960. MEA was maintaining a copy of the agreement (However the link is now down and last I had accessed it was in 2013) Here is the pdf copy of the agreement that I could source.

This 1960 agreement divides the whole basin into Western rivers and Eastern rivers. India is granted exclusive access to 3 eastern Rivers Sutlej, Beas & Ravi, while Pakistan is granted access to 3 western rivers Indus, Jhelum & Chenab. India is required to maintain the catchment area in the J&K for the three western rivers and in return Pakistan is to maintain the drainage for the three eastern rivers. Additionally, a sum of 62 million pounds were to be paid to Pakistan in 10 installments to divert the western rivers to irrigate the eastern rivers catchment area.


There is hardly any portion of The Indus basin in India, in spite what the name India would have suggested. Pakistan getting 80% of the water is because of geography and not because of generosity of India. Indus river does not flow through India and hence there is little we can do to change it. If you have doubt the map I have posted, then check any atlas or google maps which is sensible enough to demarcate IOK and POK. Whatever portion of Indus is in Ladhak is no more than a trickle compared to the 233 thousand cusec (6,600 tons per sec) that gets discharged to the Arabian ocean. Mind you that this is the amount of water that is after all the irrigation, evaporation, seepage into the ground throughout the 2,880km of length and other forms of consumption/diversion.

These rivers are oceans not drain pipes so changing their natural flow is prohibitively expensive. There is no water pump in the planet that can handle the flow so diverting Beas to Rajasthan is going to be prohibitively expensive. Also India does not use 100% of the water of the eastern rivers (of Indus basin) or the ganga basin, so why go another 1000km north, waste money in expensive terraforming activities just to disrupt the flow of Pak rivers. Mind you the Western rivers don’t even flow in the plains of India so this diversion has to be done in the mountains at an astronomical ecological & financial drain. Many portions of the Himalyas are still prone to earthquakes and god knows what will happen. Just take the arguments against Tehri dam and magnify them by 100 folds.

China build Zangmu Dam (藏木) on Bhramaputra river which disrupts the downstream flow. In theory India could create flash floods and droughts in the 3 western rivers, but are we ready to bear the moral & ecological cost of the same? Himalayas produces enough water to satisfy the needs of both India & Pakistan. If any country needs more then they can reduce the discharge to the Arabian sea & Bay of Bengal respectively. Let us not threaten the 56-year-old treaty just to fulfill one’s political ambitions.

Detective’s choice volume 2

This time, you are solving not one but two cases simultaneously. Your best friend (an ex cop) daughter was forcibly taken away after the single assailant cut open the scalp of the father. the second case of a native American chief’s mummy that rose from the dead. needless to say that Jack Jericho is quite weak and wrong choices will get him killed before he can solve both the cases.

Here is a walkthrough:

Play undercover cop
Yes/w operation
Five clams
All business
High ball
Need number
Another entrance
‘Just dropping in’
push harder
Ask him
insist that he talks
Pick lock
Fire alarm
tell a joke
Gun him down
A lie
Make a joke
‘Can I take a look under the hood?’
‘That’s why people hire me.’
hide column
Love of adventure
Go for gun
Be a wise guy
talk to him
‘She was my wife’
Doctor Clay
Calm Heidi
Use the torch
Throw the torch
Gun him down
Go for gun

Detective choice volume 1

The 4 part volume book seems not so much connected at first, but it is about a almost broke detective (ex. cop) who is chasing supernatural creatures in the 30s world of America. The remarks are a bit sexist and the first volume revolves around burlesque dancers. We there is a connection between mystery & feminine beauty. The dancers keep dying in seeming bizarre but accidental deaths and you are supposed to stop any further deaths.

this is an android based interactive novel. I.e. the story is steered in the direction you want (to a limited extend). There are no right/wrong choices and you can always restart, but the good choice will improve your life, lower your rage, increase your cool and help you save some cash. Here is the walkthrough:

eyes do the talking
generous fee
another entrance
buff your way in
kick the door
Ghost of Christmas past
Keep Wheeling
Get sleep
Have sissy ask
Sissy running
Sissy kneeling
Play it cool
Lora Lust
Kick door
kick and run
Kick door
Try taking
Keep talking

I will be posting volume 2 and three tomorrow (volume four I am still unable to unlock)

Hail dictator Gandhi: Strange India

Indira Gandhi did not declare emergency on 25th June 1975 because country was at war (it happened for a 13 day period from 3-16th December 1971). She declared emergency because she was found guilty of corruption and wanted to circumvent democracy by imposing dictatorial rule on India. Times of India summed it really appropriately in its obituary column:

“D.E.M O’Cracy, beloved husband of T Ruth, loving father of L.I.Bertie, brother of Faith, Hope and Justice, expired on June 26”

A dictator who subdued the freedom of this country is widely respected and remembered in India. A large portion of the population condones the mass castration & atrocities that her son unleased her own citizens. The draconian policies, 97% income tax rate, inconsistent nationalization policies brought India to the crisis and institutionalized corruption. Yet the TV and radio praise her as mother of reforms & liberalization. What they don’t realize is that by when Narasimha Rao only undid her policies that country could grow and break the hindu-growth rate stalemate.

My daughter opted to dress up as Indira Gandhi on the independence day as part of school’s fancy dress competition. I couldn’t stop laughing at the irony but surprisingly neither my family nor the school authorities could understand why this is so wrong and disgraceful. I guess history can be written and re-written a 100 times. What people remember is the propaganda which survives and that is usually popular fiction unrelated with truth.